A screenshot of a cell phone Description automatically generated

1-Minute Summary: COVID-19 in severe asthmatic patients during ongoing treatment with biologicals targeting type 2 inflammation: Results from a multicenter Italian survey

Expert Name
Andrea Matucci, MD

In this descriptive study the association between severe asthma, biological therapy, and SARS-CoV-2 infection was investigated [1]. A higher risk for viral infections was described previously for asthmatic patients [2,3]. Because SARS-CoV-2 has demonstrated a predisposition to infect the upper and the lower respiratory tract, it may create a higher clinical issue for this patient group [4]. However, it should…

1-Minute Summary: Role of IL-15, IL-33, and TSLP in triggering united airway diseases toward type 2 inflammation

Expert Name
Haiyu Hong

The concept of united airway diseases (UAD) includes allergic rhinitis (AR), chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and asthma, all of which share common immune-pathogenic mechanisms [1-4]. Moreover, a systemic link between upper and lower airways exists by shared molecular and inflammatory mechanisms, including overproduction of type-2 cytokines in AR, CRS, and asthma [5,6], not limited to the target organs. There is a…

1-Minute Summary: Functional interaction between sensory neurons and mast cells in the early stage of house dust mite-induced type 2 inflammation and itch: a novel therapeutic target of allergic disease

Expert Name
Miranda Sin-Man Tsang and Chun Kwok Wong

The interaction between the nervous system and immune cells has been reported in fungal-infected skin inflammation and psoriasis, but not in atopic dermatitis (AD) [1-3]. Antihistamines are not always effective in treating pruritus in chronic skin inflammation [4]. A recent study by Serhan et al. unraveled how house dust mite allergens can trigger peripheral nociceptive sensory neurons and how these…

1-Minute Summary: Dupilumab Improves Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Asthma and Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

Expert Name
Dr William W. Busse

Busse WW, et al. Efficacy of dupilumab on clinical outcomes in patients with asthma and perennial allergic rhinitis [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 28]. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2020;S1081-1206(20)30389-6. In this post-hoc analysis of the phase 3 LIBERTY ASTHMA QUEST trial, the effect of dupilumab on comorbid perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) was investigated. PAR is often associated with sensitisation…

1-Minute Summary: Development and Preliminary Validation of a New Patient-Reported Outcome Measure for Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS-PRO)

Expert Name
Dr Saied Ghadersohi

Ghadersohi S, Price CPE, Jensen SE, et al. Development and Preliminary Validation of a New Patient-Reported Outcome Measure for Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS-PRO). J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020;8(7):2341-2350.e1. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disease of the nasal airways and paranasal sinuses with a high disease burden [1,2]. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are measures of disease severity and symptom burden in…

1-Minute Summary: Altered Mitochondrial Functions and Morphologies in Epithelial Cells Are Associated With Pathogenesis of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

Expert Name
Dr Young Hoon Yoon

Young HY, Sun HE, et al. Altered Mitochondrial Functions and Morphologies in Epithelial Cells Are Associated With Pathogenesis of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2020 Jul;12(4):653-668 Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a complex inflammatory disease of the nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa [1]. There are indications that the disease is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction,…

1-Minute Summary: A Network Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials on the Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Adults and Children

Expert Name
Dr Theodore Rokkas

Rokkas T, et al. A network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis in adults and children. J Clin Gastroenterol 2020; published ahead of print. For eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), apart from steroids [1], newer therapeutic interventions and relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are available that have not been included in previous meta-analyses [2-6]. Network meta-analysis (NWM)…

1-Minute Summary: Tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and receptors in type 1, type 2 and type 17 inflammation in cross-sectional asthma study

Expert Name
Dr Michelle Marks

Marks M, et al. Tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and receptors in type 1, type 2 and type 17 inflammation in cross-sectional asthma study. Thorax 2020;0:1–4. Epub Tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has a potential role in allergic asthma [1,2]. TRAIL induces apoptosis in a variety of cells thereby resolving inflammation [1,3]. Conversely, TRAIL has been shown to…

1-Minute Summary: Management of severe asthma: a European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society guideline

Expert Name
Prof. Fernando Holguin

In 2014, the first guidelines for the treatment of severe asthma in children and adults were composed by the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society (ERS/ATS) [1]. Since 2017, a multidisciplinary Task Force of asthma experts, co-chaired by Dr Fernando Holguin and Dr Andy Bush, has worked on an updated version. The Task Force made 6 recommendations that were not addressed…

Afbeelding met schermafbeelding Automatisch gegenereerde beschrijving

1-Minute Summary: EUFOREA Consensus on Biologics for CRSwNP with or without Asthma

Expert Name
Dr. Wytske Fokkens

Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the sinonasal cavities [1-3]. It is frequently comorbid with asthma and both diseases share common underlying pathophysiological mechanisms driving the disease, including type 2 inflammation [3-9]. CRSwNP severely impacts quality of life and has a significant burden on society [10-12]. When symptoms are persistent or when there is…